7. leadless Cardiac pacemaker
Since 1958, the technology
involved in cardiac pacemakers
hasn’t changed much. A silver-dollar-sized pulse generator and a
thin wire, or lead, inserted through
the vein kept the heart beating
at a steady pace. Leads, though,
can break and crack, and become
infection sites in 2 percent of cases.
Vitamin-sized wireless cardiac
pacemakers can be implanted
directly in the heart without
surgery and eliminate malfunction
complications and restriction on
daily physical activities.
8. new Drugs for Idiopathic
Nearly 80,000 American adults
with idiopathic pulmonary
fibrosis may breathe easier in 2015
with the recent FDA-approval
of two new experimental drugs.
Pirfenidone and nintedanib
slow the disease progress of the
lethal lung disease, which causes
scarring of the air sacs. Prior to
these developments, there was no
known treatment for IPF, in which
life expectancy after diagnosis is
just three to five years.
9. Single-Dose Intra-operative
radiation therapy for Breast Cancer
Finding and treating breast cancer
in its earliest stages can oftentimes
lead to a cure. For most women
with early-stage breast cancer, a
lumpectomy is performed, followed
by weeks of radiation therapy to
reduce the likelihood of recurrence.
Intra-operative radiation therapy,
or IORT, focuses the radiation
on the tumor during surgery as
a single-dose, and has proven
effective as whole breast radiation.
NEW dRUgS FOR IdIOpATHIC pULMONARy FIBROSIS
SINgLE-dOSE INTRA-OpERATIvE RAdIATION THERApy
FOR BREAST CANCER
LEAdLESS CARdIAC pACEMAkER